On Tuesday, January 30, 2019,INSEEpublished a report explaining that there had been 691,000 start-ups in France in 2018. That is an increase of 17% compared to 2017, explained in particular by the rise in micro-enterprises and therefore, the status of self-entrepreneur.
This form of entrepreneurship accounts for 45% of the total number of companies created. It's a fact, these small structures are booming. Compared to the previous year, there is an evolution of 28% .
Ten years after the creation of the status of auto-entrepreneur (meanwhile micro-entrepreneur) by the politician Hervé Novelli, we note that the action of starting your own business has almost become a breeze. Not to mention the benefits it can provide. Among the main ones to remember, let's mention especially the simplicity of the administrative procedures, the lightness of the taxation as well as the doubling of the ceilings of turnover, since January 1, 2018.
On average, it is at age 36 that the French create their own society. 4 out of 10 are women . The under-30s are slightly up on the previous year, with an increase of 38% against 37% in 2017. Among the sectors particularly fertile in new companies, we find in first position, the field of transport activities and warehousing , with a 68% increase in start-ups in one year, largely thanks to micro-enterprises, which jumped 80.5% in this sector. In the second place, there is the area of specialized scientific and technical activities, with 18,700 start-ups, an increase of 18% compared to 2017. Again, micro-enterprises show excellent health, with evolution of 26.8% compared to the previous year.
These new structures are multiplying and the trend does not seem to stop. Despite the few disadvantages that can obtain the status of micro-entrepreneur.
Some form of precariousness
Because being a self-entrepreneur can cause some disappointments. In January 2018, Sophie Vouteau, a lawyer by training, later became self-employed , told the reverse story in his book My Life of Self-Entrepreneur , published by Editions du Rocher. The subtitle of the book immediately announces the color: "Not really boss, completely stubborn". If it recognizes that euphoria is present in the early days, then it turns out that there may be a certain number of disappointments, such as depending on the goodwill of its new work partners, or even lack of social connection due to lack of a specific professional structure.
From a salary point of view, the observation can also be bitter, since the higher the profits from the activity, the higher the charges and declarations to the URSSAF (Union for the Recovery of Social Security Contributions and Family Allowances). ) are going to be salty.
An implacable logic, coming to show the hidden face of the iceberg of a status that is yet dreaming of a large number of French.
Finally, even if the number of company creations has exploded in 2018, we note at the same time another effect, namely the largest number of heads of companies in liquidation . In 2018, they were just over 50,000, according to figures from the Employment Observatory of Entrepreneurs, published on February 5, 2019. More specifically, there were 50,185 executives of companies in liquidation in 2018, which represents an increase of 0.3% compared to 2017.
A trend that will be confirmed in 2019, with the creation of new boxes by the thousands? Case to follow!
Antoine Le Fur